New Jersey Law of Personal Injury with the Model Jury Charges

Standing Order with Automatic Update Service

Have a question about discounted site licenses, billing options, Or opting out of automatic renewal/update services? Email us or call 1.877.807.8076.
As low as $269.00
In stock
SKU
JPINJ20
Analyzes personal injury cases with a full text of model jury charges. Allows reader to evaluate, prosecute, defend & try any tort case by focusing on language the judge will use to instruct the jury.

ANALYSIS AND JURY CHARGES SIDE BY SIDE

New Jersey Law of Personal Injury collects and analyzes the leading personal injury cases and follows with the full text of the relevant Supreme Court sanctioned model jury charges. This novel organization allows the trial or appellate lawyer to evaluate, prosecute, defend and try any tort case by focusing on the language the judge will use to instruct the jury. New Jersey Law of Personal Injury will give readers current information in the easiest possible format. Cross referenced, completely updated, and heavily indexed, New Jersey Law of Personal Injury has become the authority in this area of practice.


Additional Information
SKU JPINJ20
Division Name New Jersey Law Journal
Volumes 1
Product Types Books
Brand New Jersey Law Journal
Publication Date September 30, 2019
Jurisdiction New Jersey
ISBN 978-1-62881-647-1
Page Count 652
Edition 2020
Write Your Own Review
You're reviewing:New Jersey Law of Personal Injury with the Model Jury Charges
Donald A. DiGioia
Donald A. DiGioia is Certified by the New Jersey Supreme Court as a Civil and Criminal Trial Attorney. Over the past 30 years Don has devoted his entire practice to trial law. He lectures on trial techniques at seminars throughout the State and has published writings, including a chapter in the recent volume, New Jersey Trial and Evidence (NJ ICLE, 2003). Don has been an adjunct professor at Seton Hall law School on trial advocacy topics. He is a member of the Association of Trial Lawyers of America - New Jersey (ATLA-NJ) and has served on the Board of Governors of that organization. An advocate of the American Board of Tiral Attorneys- North Jersey Chapter, Don is a member of the Union County Bar Association and has served on the Union County Judicial and Prosecutorial Appointment Committee. He has also been chair of the District XXII Ethics Committee and currently serves as an Ethics Master. He was named as Professional Lawyer of the Year by the Union County Bar Association in 2004. 
James Hely
James Hely was appointed judge of the New Jersey Superior Court,sitting in Union County, in July 2009. He is a former member of Weiseman Hely DiGioia in Mountainside, New Jersey, and was certified by the Supreme Court as a Civil Trial Attorney. He has been a frequent lecturer for the New Jersey Association for Justice (formerly ATLA-NJ), NJICLE, the Union County Bar Association, and the New Jersey Law . He has published other books and articles on trial practice in and other journals. In 1984, he and another attorney obtained the largest injury award in the history of New Jersey up to that time for a paralysis victim. In 1988, he achieved the first punitive damage award against the Audi 5000 for unintended acceleration. He has been an Executive Committee member of the New Jersey Association for Justice, a Master of the Richard J. Hughes Inns of Court, an Advocate of the American Board of Trial Advocates-North Jersey, and board of trustees member of the Union County Bar Association. He serves on the New Jersey Supreme Court Committee on the Rules of Evidence. Donald A. DiGioia, a member of Weiseman Hely DiGioia in Mountainside, New Jersey, is certified by the New Jersey Supreme Court as a Civil and Criminal Trial Attorney. DiGioia has been a practicing trial lawyer for more than 30 years. He lectures on trial techniques at seminars throughout the state and has published writings, including a chapter in the recent volume, New Jersey Trial and Evidence (NJICLE 2008). He has been an adjunct professor at Seton Hall University Law School on trial advocacy topics. He is a member of the New Jersey Association for Justice (formerly ATLA-NJ), and has served on the Board of Governors of that organization. An Advocate of the America Board of Trial Attorneys-North Jersey Chapter, he is a member of the Union County Bar Association and has served on the Union County Judicial and Prosecutorial Appointment Committee. A former Chair of the District XII. James Hely receives no compensation for his work on this text. All author royalties will be donated to charity.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1
Negligence and Duty—General Concept                                                                          1

1-1        WHAT IS NEGLIGENCE?............................................................................... 1

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.10A..................................................................................... 2

NEGLIGENCE AND ORDINARY CARE—GENERAL (Approved before 1984)

1-2        EXISTENCE OF A DUTY—A MATTER OF LAW...................................... 3

1-3        FORESEEABILITY AS A FACTOR FOR THE JURY
TO CONSIDER................................................................................................... 5

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.10B..................................................................................... 6

FORESEEABILITY (AS AFFECTING NEGLIGENCE) (Approved before 1984)

1-4        ASSUMPTION OF RISK CONCEPT DISCARDED..................................... 7

1-5        PLAINTIFF’S BURDEN OF PROOF—PREPONDERANCE
OF EVIDENCE ................................................................................................... 7

Model Civil Jury Charge 1.12(G), (H), (I).................................................................... 9

GENERAL PROVISIONS FOR STANDARD CHARGE (Approved 11/98)

1-6        NET Opinions AnD RES IPSA LOQUITUR—THE THING
SPEAKS FOR ITSELF..................................................................................... 10

1-6:1....... Requirements Necessary to Invoke Res Ipsa           13

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.10D.................................................................................. 14

RES IPSA LOQUITUR (Approved 10/90)

1-7        ACTS OF GOD.................................................................................................. 16

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.10E................................................................................... 17

ACT OF GOD (Approved before 1984)

1-8        SUDDEN EMERGENCY CLAIMS............................................................... 18

1-9        PARENTAL IMMUNITY AND ITS EXCEPTIONS.................................. 19

1-10      DUTIES VOLUNTARILY ASSUMED......................................................... 20

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.10C.................................................................................. 20

UNDERTAKING VOLUNTARILY ASSUMED (Approved before 1984)

1-11      PER SE NEGLIGENCE................................................................................... 21

EVIDENCE OF AND PER SE NEGLIGENCE (04/2016)......................................... 21

1-12      GROSS NEGLIGENCE................................................................................... 23

Chapter 2
Proximate Cause                  25

2-1        PROXIMATE CAUSE DEFINED.................................................................. 25

2-1:1....... Required Proof of Proximate Cause—Routine
Tort Case........... 26

2-1:2....... Non-Routine Tort Case—Substantial Factor Test
Where There are Concurrent Causes of Harm         27

Model Civil Jury Charge 6.10..................................................................................... 28

PROXIMATE CAUSE—GENERAL CHARGE TO BE GIVEN
IN ALL CASES (Approved 05/1998; Revised 01/2017)

Model Civil Jury Charge 6.11 .................................................................................... 29

PROXIMATE CAUSE—ROUTINE TORT CASE WHERE NO ISSUES OF
CONCURRENT OR INTERVENING CAUSES, OR FORESEEABILITY
OF INJURY OR HARM (Approved 08/99; Revised 04/16)

Model Civil Jury Charge 6.12..................................................................................... 30

PROXIMATE CAUSE—WHERE THERE IS CLAIM THAT
CONCURRENT CAUSES OF HARM WERE PRESENT (Approved 5/98)

2-2        SUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURE CASES....................................................... 31

2-3        INTERVENING OR SUPERSEDING CAUSES.......................................... 31

Model Civil Jury Charge 6.14..................................................................................... 32

PROXIMATE CAUSE—WHERE THERE IS CLAIM OF INTERVENING
OR SUPERSEDING CAUSE FOR JURY’S CONSIDERATION
(Approved 8/99)

2-4        PROXIMATE CAUSE AND FORESEEABILITY—DO THEY BELONG TOGETHER? 33

Model Civil Jury Charge 6.13..................................................................................... 34

PROXIMATE CAUSE—WHERE THERE IS CLAIM THAT
CONCURRENT CAUSES OF HARM ARE PRESENT AND CLAIM
THAT SPECIFIC HARM WAS NOT FORESEEABLE
(Approved 5/98)

Chapter 3
Comparative Negligence    37

3-1        BASIC STATUTORY PRINCIPLES............................................................ 37

3-1:1....... Action Against One Defendant   37

3-1:2....... Action Against More Than One Defendant              37

3-1:3....... Damage Reduction and Responsibilities   38

3-2        ULTIMATE OUTCOME—HOW THE JURY IS INSTRUCTED
IN COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE CASES ............................................. 39

Model Civil Jury Charge 7.31..................................................................................... 40

COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE/FAULT: ULTIMATE OUTCOME
(Approved 03/2000; Revised 09/2018)

Model Civil Jury Charge 7.32..................................................................................... 43

COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE: INTERROGATORIES
(Approved before 1985)

3-3        COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE IN AUTO CASES................................. 47

Model Civil Jury Charge 7.30..................................................................................... 48

COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE (AUTO)—ALL ISSUES
(Approved 6/1989; Revised 12/2011)

3-4        CHILDREN CHARGED WITH
COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE.................................................................. 52

Model Civil Jury Charge 7.11..................................................................................... 53

CARE REQUIRED OF CHILDREN (Approved 5/91)

3-5        COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE AS TO A PASSENGER
IN AN AUTO..................................................................................................... 55

Model Civil Jury Charge 7.12..................................................................................... 56

DUTY OF PASSENGER IN AUTOMOBILE (Approved 5/91)

3-6        INTOXICATION OF A PLAINTIFF
AND COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE........................................................ 57

Model Civil Jury Charge 7.13..................................................................................... 57

NEGLIGENCE—INTOXICATION (Approved 5/91)

3-7       
PHYSICAL DISABILITY OR MENTAL IMPAIRMENT
AND COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE........................................................ 58

Model Civil Jury Charge 7.14..................................................................................... 59

NEGLIGENCE—EFFECT OF PHYSICAL IMPAIRMENT (Approved 5/91)

3-8        PEDESTRIANS ON A SIDEWALK
AND COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE........................................................ 59

Model Civil Jury Charge 7.15..................................................................................... 59

NEGLIGENCE—CARE REQUIRED OF PEDESTRIAN
ON SIDEWALK (Approved 5/91)

3-9        INTENTIONAL ACTS AND COMPARATIVE
NEGLIGENCE.................................................................................................. 60

Model Civil Jury Charge 7.16..................................................................................... 60

APPORTIONMENT WHERE THE ACTS, OR INACTIONS, OF AN

INDIVIDUAL OR ENTITY SUBSTANTIALLY CONTRIBUTED
TO THE ALLEGED HARM (Approved 10/1991; Revised 09/2018)

Chapter 4
Damages in Personal Injury Cases        63

4-1        OVERVIEW...................................................................................................... 63

4-1:1....... Actual Out-of-Pocket Losses       64

4-1:2....... Unliquidated Damages 64

4-1:2.1....... Counsel Prohibited From Mentioning
Dollar Amount and Other Improper
Comments By Counsel           65

4-1:3....... Remittitur and Additur  68

4-2        DISABILITY, IMPAIRMENT, LOSS OF ENJOYMENT
OF LIFE, PAIN AND SUFFERING............................................................... 70

Model Civil Jury Charge 8.11E................................................................................... 71

DAMAGES CHARGES—GENERAL

DISABILITY, IMPAIRMENT AND LOSS OF THE ENJOYMENT
OF LIFE, PAIN AND SUFFERING (Approved 12/1996; Revised 05/2017)

4-3        PERMANENT INJURY, life expectancy,
AND enhanced risk of future harm.......................................... 73

Model Civil Jury Charge 8.11G.................................................................................. 74

DAMAGES CHARGES—GENERAL

LIFE EXPECTANCY (Approved 2/96)

4-4        PRE-EXISTING CONDITIONS AND ASSESSMENT
OF DAMAGES.................................................................................................. 74

Model Civil Jury Charge 8.11F................................................................................... 76

DAMAGES CHARGES—GENERAL

AGGRAVATION OF THE PREEXISTING DISABILITY (Approved 1/97)

4-5        A PLAINTIFF’S DUTY TO MITIGATE DAMAGES
BY MEDICAL TREATMENT....................................................................... 77

Model Civil Jury Charge 8.11B................................................................................... 78

DAMAGES CHARGES—GENERAL

DUTY TO MITIGATE DAMAGES BY MEDICAL AND
SURGICAL TREATMENT (Adopted 12/96; Revised 10/00)

4-6        MEDICAL EXPENSES AS AN ELEMENT OF DAMAGES.................... 80

Model Civil Jury Charge 8.11A................................................................................... 82

DAMAGES CHARGES—GENERAL

MEDICAL EXPENSES (NON-AUTO) (Approved 12/96)

Model Civil Jury Charge 8.20..................................................................................... 84

Medical Expenses (Auto) (Approved 12/1996; Revised 01/2017)

4-6:1....... Future Medical Monitoring Expenses        84

4-7        PAST AND FUTURE LOSS OF INCOME................................................... 84

Model Civil Jury Charge 8.11C.................................................................................. 86

DAMAGES CHARGES—GENERAL

LOSS OF EARNINGS (Approved 12/88; Revised 7/10)

4-8        DAMAGE TO A SPOUSE FOR LOSS OF SERVICES,
SOCIETY AND CONSORTIUM................................................................... 90

Model Civil Jury Charge 8.30B................................................................................... 91

DAMAGES—PER QUOD

Loss of Spouse’s Services, Society and Consortium (Approved 2/96)

4-9        PARENTAL LOSS WHEN CHILD IS INJURED....................................... 92

Model Civil Jury Charge 8.30C.................................................................................. 92

DAMAGES—PER QUOD

Loss of Child’s Services and Earnings (Approved 2/96)

4-10      A CHILD’S LOSS OF SERVICES AND CONSORTIUM
WHEN A PARENT IS INJURED................................................................... 93

4-11      BYSTANDER DAMAGE FOR EMOTIONAL DISTRESS
FROM WITNESSING AN INJURY.............................................................. 93

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.10F................................................................................... 94

NEGLIGENCE—EMOTIONAL DISTRESS FROM WITNESSING SERIOUS
INJURY TO AN INTIMATE FAMILY MEMBER (Approved 5/84)

4-12      NON-TAXABILITY OF PERSONAL DAMAGE AWARDS.................... 96

Model Civil Jury Charge 8.48..................................................................................... 96

TAX CONSEQUENCES OF PERSONAL INJURY AWARD
(Adopted 1/97; Revised 3/01)

4-13      APPORTIONMENT OF DAMAGES BETWEEN PLAINTIFF
AND DEFENDANTS AND AMONG DEFENDANTS................................ 97

Chapter 5
Statute of Limitations and Repose         99

5-1        THE BASIC STATUTORY RULE................................................................ 99

5-2        THE OBLIGATION TO TIMELY RAISE THE DEFENSE................... 101

5-3        THE DISCOVERY RULE AND THE STATUTE
OF LIMITATIONS........................................................................................ 102

5-4        WRONGFUL DEATH CASES, SURVIVORSHIP CLAIMS,
AND THE STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS................................................. 103

5-5        FICTITIOUS NAME OR ‘JOHN DOE’ PLEADINGS
TO EXTEND THE STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS.................................. 103

Chapter 6
Negligence on the Roadways                   105

6-1        GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF ROADWAY CONDUCT.......................... 105

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.30A................................................................................ 106

General Duty Owing (Approved 8/99)

6-2        SOME COMMON LAW PRINCIPLES OF DRIVING............................ 107

6-2:1....... Specific Duties to Make Observations       107

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.30G.1............................................................................. 107

Duty of Automobile Driver to Make Observations
(Approved before 1983)

For Traffic Conditions

6-2:2....... The Duty to Look Out for Pedestrians       108

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.30G.2............................................................................. 108

Duty of Automobile Driver to Make Observations
(Approved before 1983)

For Pedestrians

6-2:3....... Driver’s Duty Where the View Is Obstructed
at an Intersection 109

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.30G.3............................................................................. 109

Duty of Automobile Driver to Make Observations
(Approved before 1983)

Where View Obstructed at Intersection

6-2:4....... Duty When There Is an Impairment to a Driver’s Vision       110

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.30G.4............................................................................. 110

Duty of Automobile Driver to Make Observations
(Approved before 1983)

Where Vision Impaired

6-2:5.......
The Driver’s Duty in the Instance
of Temporary Blindness               111

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.30G.5............................................................................. 111

Duty of Automobile Driver to Make Observations
(Approved before 1983)

Temporary Blindness of Driver as Affecting Duty

6-2:6....... A Driver’s Duty Regarding Obstacles or Defects
in the Road...... 112

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.30G.6............................................................................. 112

Duty of Automobile Driver to Make Observations
(Approved before 1983)

Duty as to Obstacles and Defects in Streets

6-2:7....... A Driver’s Response to a Disabled or Drunk Person,
or Infant in the Roadway             112

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.30G.7............................................................................. 113

Duty of Automobile Driver to Make Observations
(Approved before 1983)

Duty as to Persons under Disability

6-2:8....... A Driver’s Obligation to Observe Traffic Conditions
When Going Through a Green Light           113

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.30J................................................................................. 114

Duty of Care Proceeding Through Intersection with
Green Light [The Favored Driver] (Approved 1977)

6-3        STATUTORY DEFINITIONS OF PROPER
ROADWAY CONDUCT............................................................................... 115

6-3:1....... Duty to Observe Emergency Vehicles and Duty
of the Emergency Vehicle Driver 117

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.31B................................................................................ 118

Duty of Care by Emergency Vehicle (Approved 1977)

6-3:2....... Following Too Closely or Tailgating           119

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.30D................................................................................ 119

Violation of Traffic Act (Approved 8/99)

6-3:3....... Improper Passing 121

6-3:4....... Improper Lane Changes               122

6-3:5....... Requirement to Keep to the Right              122

6-3:6....... Improper Rates of Speed             123

6-3:7....... Failure to Obey a Traffic Sign or Signal     124

Model Jury Charge 5.30H.......................................................................................... 125

Duty Of Care: Driver Of Motor Vehicle Proceeding
Through An Intersection Controlled By A Stop Sign/
Flashing Red Traffic Control Device (Revised 6/07)

Model Jury Charge 5.30I............................................................................................ 126

Duty Of Care: Driver Of Motor Vehicle Proceeding
Through An Intersection With A Flashing Amber Traffic
Control Device (Revised 6/07)

6-3:8....... Driving Too Slowly 126

6-3:9....... Statutory Careless Driving            127

6-3:10..... Statutory Laws Regarding Pedestrians      127

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.32B................................................................................ 129

Duty of a Pedestrian when Crossing at a Point
other than a Crosswalk (Approved before 1983; Revised 4/02)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.32C................................................................................ 131

DUTY OF DRIVERS AND PEDESTRIANS CROSSING AT MARKED
OR UNMARKED CROSSWALK (Approved 6/10)

6-3:11..... Cell Phone Use When Driving      131

6-3:12..... Bicyclist Obligations      131

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.32A................................................................................ 132

DUTY OF PEDESTRIANS AND BICYCLISTS TO MAKE
OBSERVATIONS (Approved 2/92)

6-4        Driver Making a U-Turn................................................................... 133

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.30B................................................................................ 133

U-TURN (Approved 8/99)

6-5        DRIVER MAKING A LEFT-HAND TURN.............................................. 134

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.30C................................................................................ 135

Left-Hand Turn (Approved 3/91)

6-6        DRIVER WITH sudden medical emergency........................... 135

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.30E................................................................................ 136

Effect of Black Out (Approved before 1984)

6-7        DRIVER CLAIMS OF MECHANICAL DEFECT................................... 137

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.30F................................................................................ 138

Liability for Injury Due to Mechanical Defect or Failure
(Approved before 1984)

6-8        SEAT BELT USAGE AND ITS IMPACT.................................................. 141

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.30K................................................................................ 143

Nonuse of Seatbelt on Issue of Negligence (Approved 6/89)

Model Civil Jury Charge 8.21................................................................................... 143

Nonuse of Seatbelt Including Ultimate OutcomE (12/09)

6-9        DRIVER INTOXICATION.......................................................................... 147

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.30L................................................................................. 147

Effect of Intoxication on Duty Owing (By Automobile Driver) (Approved before 1983)

6-10      THE LAWSUIT LIMITATION OR THRESHOLD................................. 148

6-10:1..... The Limitation on Lawsuit Policy Option 148

6-10:2..... Meeting the Lawsuit Limitation Threshold               150

6-10:3..... Physician’s Certification               150

6-10:4..... Case Law Interpretation               152

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.33................................................................................... 153

LIMITATION ON LAWSUIT OPTION (Approved 11/2000; Revised 04/2018)

6-10:5..... Pre-Existing Conditions 155

6-11      Duties at railroad and highway
grade crossings.................................................................................... 155

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.21................................................................................... 156

DUTY OF RAILROAD AT PUBLIC HIGHWAY GRADE CROSSING
(Approved before 1983)

Chapter 7
Premises Liability                159

7-1        OVERVIEW.................................................................................................... 159

7-2        BUSINESS PROPRIETORS......................................................................... 160

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20E................................................................................ 162

Activity of Owner/Occupier As Distinguished from
Condition of Premises, Duty Owed (Approved 3/00)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20F(5)........................................................................... 163

Duty Owed—Condition of Premises (Approved 03/2000, Revised 12/2014)

Invitee—Defined and General Duty Owed (12/88)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20F(6)........................................................................... 165

Duty Owed—Condition of Premises (Approved 03/2000, Revised 12/2014)

Implied Invitation (Approved 5/1970, Revised 12/2014)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20F(7)........................................................................... 167

Duty Owed—Condition of Premises (Approved 03/2000, Revised 12/2014)

Duty to Inspect Owed To Invitee

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20F(8)........................................................................... 168

Duty Owed—Condition of Premises (Approved 03/2000, Revised 12/2014)

Notice of Particular Danger as Condition of Liability

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20F(9)........................................................................... 169

Duty Owed—Condition of Premises (Approved 03/2000, Revised 12/2014)

Notice Not Required When Condition is Caused
by Defendant

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20F(10)......................................................................... 170

Duty Owed—Condition of Premises (Approved 03/2000, Revised 03/2017)

Actual and Constructive Notice Defined

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20F(11)......................................................................... 170

Duty Owed—Condition of Premises (Approved 03/2000, Revised 03/2017)

Mode of Operation Rule

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20F(12)......................................................................... 172

Duty Owed—Condition of Premises (Approved 03/2000, Revised 03/2017)

Notice to Invitee or Obviousness of Defect

7-3        BUSINESS OWNER’S AND LANDLORD’S DUTY
TO PROTECT AGAINST CRIMINAL ACTIVITY................................. 179

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.72................................................................................... 179

NEGLIGENCE—PROPRIETOR’S DUTY OF CARE TO PATRONS
AGAINST CRIMINAL ACTIVITY OF THIRD PERSONS
(Approved 11/99)

7-4        SOCIAL GUESTS and Licensees........................................................ 180

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20F(4)........................................................................... 181

DUTY OWED—CONDITION OF PREMISES
(Approved 03/2000, Revised 12/2014)

Social Guest—Defined and General Duty
Owed (03/2000; Revised 12/2014)

7-5        TRESPASSERS.............................................................................................. 184

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20E................................................................................ 185

Activity of Owner/Occupier As Distinguished from
Condition of Premises, Duty Owed
(Approved 3/00)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20F(1)........................................................................... 186

DUTY OWED—CONDITION OF PREMISES
(Approved 03/2000, Revised 12/2014)

Adult Trespasser—Defined and General Duty Owed

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20F(2)........................................................................... 186

DUTY OWED—CONDITION OF PREMISES
(Approved 03/2000, Revised 12/2014)

Infant Trespasser—Defined and General Duty Owed (10/2003)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20F(3)........................................................................... 192

DUTY OWED—CONDITION OF PREMISES (Approved 03/2000, Revised 12/2014)

Licensee, Defined and General Duty Owed (03/2000; Revised 12/2014)

7-6        RESIDENTIAL LANDLORD’s DUTY TO TENANTS........................... 193

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20D................................................................................ 194

DUTY OF OWNER OF MULTI-FAMILY HOUSE TO TENANTS
AND OTHERS (Approved 5/97)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20C(A)........................................................................... 199

DUTY OF OWNER TO TENANT LEASING ENTIRE PREMISES
AND TO OTHERS ON PREMISES (Approved 5/77)

Residential Premises

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20C(B)........................................................................... 199

DUTY OF OWNER TO TENANT LEASING ENTIRE PREMISES
AND TO OTHERS ON PREMISES (Approved 5/77)

Repairs by Landlord of Residential Premises

7-7        COMMERCIAL LANDLORD OBLIGATIONS....................................... 200

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20C(C).......................................................................... 201

DUTY OF OWNER TO TENANT LEASING ENTIRE PREMISES
AND TO OTHERS ON PREMISES (Approved 5/77)

Non-Residential Land and Buildings

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20C(D).......................................................................... 201

DUTY OF OWNER TO TENANT LEASING ENTIRE PREMISES
AND TO OTHERS ON PREMISES (Approved 5/77)

Repairs by Landlord of Non-Residential Land and Buildings

7-8        ABUTTING PUBLIC SIDEWALKS........................................................... 201

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20B................................................................................ 204

LIABILITY FOR DEFECTS IN PUBLIC STREETS AND SIDEWALKS
(Approved 11/99)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20G................................................................................ 208

LIABILITY OF FORMER OWNER OF COMMERCIAL PROPERTY
FOR DEFECTS OR OTHER DANGEROUS CONDITIONS IN
ABUTTING SIDEWALKS (Approved 5/84)

7-9        LANDOWNERS’ LIABILITY ACT FOR UNDEVELOPED
AND RURAL LAND...................................................................................... 210

7-10      Utility Poles on or Near Roadways........................................ 211

Chapter 8
Construction and Multiple Employer Work Site Accidents                                    213

8-1        OVERVIEW.................................................................................................... 213

8-2        WorkPlace Accidents and OSHA Violations..................... 215

8-3        Construction Industry Practices
and Standards........................................................................................ 216

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.10H................................................................................ 216

STANDARDS OF CONSTRUCTION, CUSTOM AND USAGE
IN INDUSTRY OR TRADE (3/10)

Chapter 9
Medical Negligence and Battery            219

9-1        INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................... 219

9-2        Arbitration Clauses and Medical
Negligence Claims.............................................................................. 220

9-3        THE THREE KEY STEPS IN CASE EVALUATION.............................. 220

9-3:1....... Determining Deviation  220

9-3:2....... Linking the Deviation to Damage               221

9-3:3....... Determining the Economic Feasibility of the Case  221

9-4        THE AFFIDAVIT OF MERIT STATUTORY
REQUIREMENT............................................................................................ 223

9-4:1....... Contents of Affidavit    225

9-4:2....... When an Affidavit of Merit Is Not Necessary          226

9-4:3....... 2004 Medical Care Access Statute and the More
Stringent Affidavit of Merit Requirement 227

9-5       
THE STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS
AND THE DISCOVERY RULE.................................................................. 230

9-6        THE LEARNED TREATISE EVIDENCE RULE..................................... 232

9-7        THE GENERAL DUTY OF A MEDICAL PRACTITIONER................. 234

9-8        THE MEDICAL JUDGMENT ISSUE........................................................ 235

9-9        THE DUTY OF A SPECIALIST
OR A GENERAL PRACTITIONER........................................................... 236

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.50A................................................................................ 237

Duty and Negligence (Approved 3/02)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.50G................................................................................ 239

Medical Judgment (06/2014)

9-10      THE REQUIREMENT OF EXPERT TESTIMONY AND
WHEN COMMON KNOWLEDGE MAY FURNISH
THE STANDARD OF CARE....................................................................... 240

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.50B................................................................................ 241

Common Knowledge May Furnish Standard of Care
(Approved 3/02)

9-11      THE DUTY TO OBTAIN INFORMED CONSENT................................. 243

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.50C................................................................................ 245

Informed Consent (Competent Adult and No Emergency)
(Approved 10/00; revised 3/02)

9-12      THE IMPACT OF A PRE-EXISTING CONDITION
ON PROXIMATE CAUSE............................................................................ 247

9-12:1..... Substantial Factor Test 248

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.50E................................................................................ 250

PRE-EXISTING CONDITION—INCREASED RISK/LOSS OF
CHANCE—PROXIMATE CAUSE (Approved 10/2014; Revised 04/2018)

9-13      A CLAIM FOR WRONGFUL BIRTH AND LIFE................................... 255

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.50F................................................................................ 256

Wrongful Birth and Life (Updated) (Approved 7/02)

9-14      THE MEDICAL BATTERY CAUSE OF ACTION.................................. 260

9-15      ALTERED OR MISSING MEDICAL RECORDS................................... 261

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.50H................................................................................ 262

Alteration of Medical Records (Approved 7/02)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.50I.................................................................................. 263

Fraudulent Concealment of Medical RecordS (Approved 7/02)

9-16      NURSING HOME NEGLIGENCE.............................................................. 265

9-17      PLAINTIFF’S OBLIGATION TO UNDERGO AN INVASIVE DEFENSE MEDICAL EXAMINATION      266

9-18      PLAINTIFF’S ACCESS IN DISCOVERY TO PROCURE
MEDICAL REVIEW COMMITTEE DOCUMENTS.............................. 266

9-19      HEALTH INSURANCE CARRIER OR
HMO MALPRACTICE................................................................................. 267

9-20      DEFENSE REQUEST FOR EX PARTE INTERVIEW WITH
A TREATING PHYSICIAN and using a treating
doctor as a fact or causation witness............................... 268

9-21      PSYCHIATRISTS’ AND OTHER MENTAL HEALTH
PROVIDERS’ LIMITED IMMUNITY FROM PATIENT’S
ACTS OF PHYSICAL HARM TO SELF AND OTHERS....................... 269

9-22      CLAIMS AGAINST HOSPITALS AND PROFESSIONALS
WHO WORK WITH HOSPITALS.............................................................. 270

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.50................................................................................... 270

APPARENT AUTHORITY CHARGE (Approved 6/10)

Chapter 10
Lawyer Negligence and Other Non-Medical,
Professional Negligence Leading to Personal Injury                                               273

10-1      INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................... 273

10-2      ATTORNEY NEGLIGENCE OR MALPRACTICE................................. 276

10-2:1..... Breach of Duty to Non-Client Third Party                277

10-2:2..... Damages Caused by Legal Malpractice    277

10-2:3..... The Statute of Limitations in Legal Malpractice
Cases and the Entire Controversy Doctrine              278

10-3      ATTORNEY FEES IN ATTORNEY NEGLIGENCE CASES................. 279

10-3:1..... Whether Claimant Should Get Double Recovery    279

10-3:2..... Prejudgment Interest     280

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.51A................................................................................ 280

LEGAL MALPRACTICE (Approved 6/79)

General Duty owing

10-4      OTHER NON-MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL NEGLIGENCE: ARCHITECTS, ENGINEERS AND ACCOUNTANTS........................................................................................................................... 284

10-4:1..... Ten Year Statute of Repose         285

10-4:2..... What Constitutes Breach of Duty by Architects
and Engineers. 285

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.52................................................................................... 286

PROFESSIONAL LIABILITY OF AN ARCHITECT/ENGINEER (Approved 11/95)

Chapter 11
Abnormally Dangerous Activities and Nuisance                                                       291

11-1      ABNORMALLY DANGEROUS ACTIVITIES........................................ 291

11-1:1..... Determination of Whether an Activity
Is Abnormally Dangerous            291

11-1:2..... Additional Jury Instruction About Heightened
Risk and Duty. 292

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20H................................................................................ 292

DANGEROUS INSTRUMENTALITIES OR CONDITIONS
(Approved before 1983)

11-2      NUISANCE..................................................................................................... 294

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.75................................................................................... 295

NUISANCE (Approved 12/87)

Chapter 12
Respondeat Superior, Negligent Hiring and Vicarious Liability
for Independent Contractors                  297

12-1      RESPONDEAT SUPERIOR......................................................................... 297

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.10I.................................................................................. 298

AGENCY (Approved 4/2002; Revised 8/2011)

12-2      NEGLIGENT HIRING.................................................................................. 300

12-2:1..... Proof Required for a Negligent Hiring Claim            300

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.76................................................................................... 301

NEGLIGENT HIRING (4/07)

12-3      A PRINCIPAL’S VICARIOUS LIABILITY FOR THE ACTS
OF AN INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR.................................................. 304

12-3:1..... Determination of Principal’s Liability        305

12-3:2..... Negligent Hiring of an Independent Contractor       306

Chapter 13
Alcohol Service by Taverns and Restaurants and Social Hosts                             307

13-1      INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................... 307

13-2      TAVERN AND RESTAURANT LIABILITY........................................... 307

13-2:1..... Exclusive Remedy 308

13-2:2..... Proof Required—Comparative Negligence               308

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.71................................................................................... 309

TAVERN KEEPERS SERVING MINORS AND INTOXICATED
PERSONS (3/10)

13-3      SOCIAL HOSTS SERVING ALCOHOL TO THOSE
OF LEGAL AGE............................................................................................. 315

13-3:1..... Definition of Social Host              315

13-3:2..... Extent of Liability and Proof Required     316

13-3:3..... Comparative Negligence              317

13-4      SOCIAL HOSTS SERVING ALCOHOL TO MINORS........................... 317

Chapter 14
Common Carriers: The High Degree of Care Owed
to Patrons of Railroads, Buses and Airplanes                                                            319

14-1      Introduction.......................................................................................... 319

14-2      Nature of Duty Owed......................................................................... 320

14-3      Non-Passengers...................................................................................... 321

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.73................................................................................... 321

CARRIERS FOR HIRE (Approved 6/88)

Chapter 15
Intentional Torts Causing Personal Injury                                                                 329

15-1      Introduction.......................................................................................... 329

15-1:1..... Scope of Chapter 329

15-1:2..... Intentional Torts in Matrimonial Litigation              330

15-1:3..... Insurance Coverage for Intentional Torts 330

15-1:4..... Comparative Negligence              331

15-2      ASSAULT........................................................................................................ 331

15-3      BATTERY....................................................................................................... 332

Model Civil Jury Charge 3.10................................................................................... 332

ASSAULT AND BATTERY (Approved prior to 1984; Revised 03/2015)

15-4      INTENTIONAL INFLICTION OF EMOTIONAL DISTRESS.............. 335

15-4:1..... What Must Be Proven   336

Model Civil Jury Charge 3.30F................................................................................ 337

INTENTIONAL INFLICTION OF EMOTIONAL DISTRESS (Approved 11/99)

15-5      INVASION OF PRIVACY............................................................................ 337

Model Civil Jury Charge 3.14................................................................................... 338

INVASION OF PRIVACY (Approved 01/16)

Chapter 16
Death Cases         343

16-1      Introduction.......................................................................................... 343

16-2      SURVIVAL ACTION—THE PERIOD OF TIME
THE DECEDENT WAS ALIVE.................................................................. 344

Model Civil Jury Charge 8.42................................................................................... 345

SURVIVAL ACTION (Approved 2/96)

16-3      A SPOUSE’S LOSS OF SERVICES, SOCIETY
AND CONSORTIUM IN A DEATH CASE............................................... 346

16-4      THE WRONGFUL DEATH ASPECT OF A DEATH CLAIM............... 346

16-4:1..... What Constitutes Pecuniary Damages      347

16-4:2..... Where the Decedent is a Child     347

16-4:3..... Discounting the Award for Present Value on Inflation           348

Model Civil Jury Charge 8.43................................................................................... 349

WRONGFUL DEATH (3/10)

16-5      TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS IN A DEATH CLAIM....................... 355

Chapter 17
Punitive Damages                 357

17-1      Overview.................................................................................................... 357

17-2      Determining the Amount of Punitive
Damages Awarded............................................................................... 358

17-2:1..... Whether Amount Awarded Is Reasonable and Justified       358

17-2:2..... Cap on Punitive Damages Award: Exceptions        359

17-3      Nature of Proof—Clear and
Convincing Standard........................................................................ 360

17-3:1..... Factors to Be Considered             360

17-3:2..... Drunk Driving and Punitive Damages        361

17-4      The PUNITIVE DAMAGES Model Civil
Jury Charge—Single Exemption
for Certain products....................................................................... 361

Model Civil Jury Charge 8.60................................................................................... 362

PUNITIVE DAMAGES ACTIONS—GENERAL (Approved 3/2000; Revised 12/2011)

Chapter 18
Claims Against Public Entities: The Tort Claims Act                                              367

18-1      OVerview.................................................................................................... 367

18-1:1..... What Is Viable and What Is Not Under the Act       367

18-1:2..... Requirements for Bringing Claims Against
Public Entities. 368

18-1:3..... Which Public Entities Are Entitled to Protection      368

18-2      THE NOTICE REQUIREMENT................................................................. 369

18-2:1..... When the Notice Must Be Filed   369

18-2:2..... Application to File Late Notice of Claim   370

18-2:3..... Contents of Notice of Claim        371

18-2:4..... Presentation of Notice of Claim  372

18-3      THE HEIGHTENED DAMAGE REQUIREMENT................................. 372

18-3:1..... What Constitutes Permanent Loss of a Bodily
Function, Permanent Disfigurement or
Dismemberment 373

18-3:1.1..... Gilhooley, Kahrar, Ponte and Knowles               374

18-3:1.2..... Permanent Disfigurement       375

18-3:2..... Other Damage Limitations           376

18-3:3..... Recovery of Economic Losses Absent Proof
of Permanent Injury      377

Model Civil Jury Charge 8.70................................................................................... 377

TORT CLAIMS ACT THRESHOLD FOR RECOVERY OF DAMAGES
FOR PAIN AND SUFFERING (3/10)

18-4      WHAT TYPE OF LIABILITY CLAIMS ARE PERMISSIBLE UNDER THE TORT CLAIMS ACT             379

18-4:1..... Act or Omission of Public Employee          379

18-4:2..... Unsafe Premises 380

18-4:3..... Specific Exemptions from Liability for Public
Entities Under the Act   380

18-4:4..... Exemptions for Public Employees              382

18-4:4.1..... Correction and Police Activities             383

18-4:4.2..... Public Medical and Mental Institutions
and Their Employees               384

18-5      LIABILITY FOR DANGEROUS CONDITIONS
ON PUBLIC PROPERTY............................................................................. 385

18-5:1..... Recreation Facilities      385

18-5:2..... Plaintiff’s Proofs on Dangerous Conditions
on Public Property 385

18-5:2.1..... Actual or Constructive Notice                386

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.20A................................................................................ 387

DANGEROUS CONDITION OF PUBLIC PROPERTY (Approved 2/96)

18-5:2.2..... Immunities Even from
Dangerous Conditions             391

18-6      Emergency Call oR 911 Immunity............................................. 392

Chapter 19
Duty of School Personnel to a Student  393

19-1      Introduction.......................................................................................... 393

19-2      The Charitable Immunity Act
and the Tort Claims Act................................................................. 393

19-3      Ordinary Negligence and the duty of care..................... 394

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.74................................................................................... 394

DUTY OF TEACHERS AND SCHOOL PERSONNEL TO STUDENT
(Approved 9/80)

Chapter 20
Other Special Negligence Claims, Immunities, and Restrictions                           397

20-1      Introduction.......................................................................................... 397

20-2      DOG BITES AND INJURIES CAUSED BY ANIMALS......................... 397

20-2:1..... Dog Bite Liability 397

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.60A................................................................................ 398

STATUTORY OWNER—DOG BITE LIABILITY (N.J.S.A. 4:19-16) (12/09)

20-2:2..... Non-Bite Situations       400

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.60B................................................................................ 400

ANIMAL WITH VICIOUS OR DANGEROUS TRAIT OR PROPENSITY
(OTHER THAN AN OWNER DOG BITE CASE) (Approved 9/80)

20-2:3..... Keeping Wild Animals Deemed a Nuisance              401

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.75................................................................................... 401

NUISANCE (Approved 12/87)

20-3      CHARITABLE IMMUNITY....................................................................... 403

20-3:1..... Exceptions....... 403

20-3:2..... What Type of Entity Qualifies for Immunity           404

20-3:3..... Other Qualifiers for Charitable Immunity 405

20-4      SPORTS AND RECREATION INJURIES................................................. 406

20-4:1..... Exculpatory Releases and Arbitration Clauses        408

20-5      ROLLER RINK INJURIES.......................................................................... 409

20-6      EQUINE ANIMAL ACTIVITIES............................................................... 410

20-7      SKI SLOPES.................................................................................................... 410

20-8      SEXUAL ABUSE BY AN ADULT OF A CHILD..................................... 411

20-9      Carnival—AmusemenT Rides....................................................... 413

20-10    SPOLIATION OF EVIDENCE OR FRAUDULENT
CONCEALMENT.......................................................................................... 413

20-11    PORT AUTHORITY OF NEW YORK AND NEW JERSEY
AND DELAWARE RIVER PORT AUTHORITY
CLAIMS.......................................................................................................... 415

20-12    VOLUNTEER FIRST AID SQUAD MEMBERS,
NATIONAL SKI PATROL SYSTEM MEMBERS,
AND CIVIL DEFENSE VOLUNTEERS.................................................... 415

20-13    MORE IMMUNITIES FOR SPECIFIC SERVICES:
Emergency Medical technicians,
COACHES, SPORTS SPONSORS, AND THE LIKE............................... 416

20-14    THE ‘FIREMAN’S RULE’ STATUTORILY ABROGATED ................ 419

20-15    EMPLOYER IMMUNITY AND THE WORKERS’ COMPENSATION BAR     419

20-15:1.. The Workers’ Compensation Bar and ‘Special
Employees’ ‘Borrowed Employees’ or ‘Co-Employees’        420

20-16    Areas not covered by this work.............................................. 421

Chapter 21
Common Issues in Personal Injury Litigation and Trials                                       423

21-1      INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................... 423

21-2      BEST PRACTICES AND DISCOVERY DEADLINES........................... 423

21-3      PRETRIAL PUBLICITY AND JURY SELECTION................................ 424

21-4      ADVERSE INFERENCES BY COUNSEL
IN SUMMATION........................................................................................... 424

21-5      ETHICS AND CANDOR TO THE TRIBUNAL....................................... 424

21-6      WHEN DID YOU FIRST CONTACT YOUR LAWYER?....................... 424

21-7      LACK OF PRIOR ACCIDENTS TO DEFEND AN UNSAFE PROPERTY OR PRODUCTS CLAIM              425

21-8      PHOTOS OF DAMAGED VEHICLES....................................................... 426

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.34................................................................................... 427

PHOTOGRAPHIC EVIDENCE IN MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENTS (10/09)

21-9      LACK OF A GOVERNMENT INVESTIGATION.................................... 427

21-10    POLICE REPORTS, POLICE OPINIONS, AND EXPERT BOOTSTRAPPING HEARSAY OPINIONS        428

21-11    IN LIMINE MOTIONS................................................................................. 428

21-12    WORK PRODUCT CLAIMS AND WITNESS STATEMENTS............. 429

Chapter 22
The New Jury Selection Rules and Personal Injury Cases                                      431

22-1      INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................... 431

22-2      THE NEW COURT DIRECTIVES ............................................................ 432

22-3      SOME SUGGESTED VOIR DIRE QUESTIONS
FOR INJURY CASES.................................................................................... 434

Appendix A: Directive #21-06, Approved Jury Selection Standards,
Including Model Voir Dire Questions           437

Appendix B: Directive #4-07, Jury Selection – Model Voir Dire Questions Promulgated by Directive #21-06 – Revised Procedures and Questions                                                   461

Chapter 23
Product Liability                  479

23-1      Introduction.......................................................................................... 479

23-2      THE STATUTE IN PLAIN LANGUAGE................................................... 480

23-2:1..... Proof That a Product Was Not Reasonably Fit,
Suitable or Safe 480

23-2:2..... Defenses.......... 481

23-2:3..... Exemption of a Product Seller     482

23-3      PROVING A MANUFACTURING DEFECT............................................ 484

23-4      FAILURE TO WARN.................................................................................... 485

23-5      DESIGN DEFECT.......................................................................................... 487

23-5:1..... Consumer Expectations Test       487

23-5:2..... The Risk-Utility Analysis or Test 488

23-5:3..... Reasonable Safer Design Test     489

23-6      more on THE SPECIAL STATUTORY DEFENSES........................... 489

23-7      Product Seller and Distributor Defined........................... 490

23-8      MOTOR VEHICLE CRASHWORTHINESS............................................ 491

23-9      WORKPLACE INJURIES AND PRODUCT LIABILITY...................... 492

23-10    THE MODEL CIVIL JURY CHARGEs
ON PRODUCT LIABILITY......................................................................... 493

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.40A (Introduction)...................................................... 493

PRODUCTS LIABILITY—Introduction: Caveats to Judges (3/10)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.40B................................................................................ 495

Manufacturing Defect (Approved 10/1998; Revised 8/2011)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.40C................................................................................ 498

Failure to Warn/Instruct (Approved 3/00; Revised 10/01)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.40(D-1).......................................................................... 504

DESIGN DEFECT—GENERALLY (Approved 4/99; Revised 5/10)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.40(D-2).......................................................................... 507

DESIGN DEFECT—INTRODUCTORY STATEMENT TO JURY
(All Cases) (3/10)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.40(D-3).......................................................................... 507

Design Defect—Legal Tests of Product Defect (Approved 4/99)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.40(D-4).......................................................................... 517

Design Defect—Defenses (Approved 4/99; Revised 10/01)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.40E................................................................................ 522

Crashworthiness—Special Issues (Approved 5/01)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.40F................................................................................ 525

Defect before Sale

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.40G................................................................................ 526

Product Misuse or Alteration (Approved 12/93)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.40H................................................................................ 527

ForEseeable User or Victim (Approved 2/89)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.40I.................................................................................. 528

Proximate Cause (Approved 2/89)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.40J................................................................................. 529

COMPARATIVE FAULT (9/09)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.40K................................................................................ 530

Summary (Approved 2/89)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.40L................................................................................. 530

Negligence (Approved 8/86)

Model Civil Jury Charge 5.40M............................................................................... 533

Express Warranty (Approved 8/86)

Model Civil Jury Charge 8.62................................................................................... 534

PUNITIVE DAMAGES ACTIONS—Products Liability
(Approved 1/1997; Revised 12/2011)

Table of Cases    537

Index     599

Satisfaction Guarantee: You will always have a full 30 days from receipt in which to review any book. If you don’t want the book, simply return it in resalable condition within 30 days of receipt and write “cancel” on the invoice. If you paid by credit or debit card you will receive a full refund of the purchase price (excluding return shipping & handling). eBook returns are only available if the eBook has not yet been downloaded and updates made available during any subscription term are not refundable.
For more information about online access and our downloadable EPUB format see our FAQ.

Copyright © 2019 ALM Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved.