New York Family Law
Table of Contents
domestic relations law
ARTICLE 1 Short Title; Definitions
1. Short title.
ARTICLE 2 Marriages
5. Incestuous and void marriages.
6. Void marriages.
7. Voidable marriages.
8. Marriage after divorce.
ARTICLE 3 Solemnization, Proof and Effect of Marriage
10. Marriage a civil contract.
10-A. Parties to a marriage.
10-B. Religious exception.
11. By whom a marriage must be solemnized.
11-A. Duty of city clerk in certain cities of the first class; facsimile signature of said clerk authorized.
11-B. Registration of persons performing marriage ceremonies in the city of New York.
11-C. Marriage officers.
12. Marriage, how solemnized.
13. Marriage licenses.
13-AA. Test to determine the presence of sickle cell anemia.
13-B. Time within which marriage may be solemnized.
13-C. Twenty-four hour provision waived in certain cases.
13-D. Duty of clerk issuing marriage license.
14. Town and city clerks to issue marriage licenses; form.
14-A. Town and city clerks to issue certificates of marriage registration; form.
15. Duty of town and city clerks.
15-A. Marriages of minors under fourteen years of age.
15-B. Temporary provisions authorizing issuance of marriage license, upon court order, without consent of a parent in armed forces of United States, merchant marine and allied forces, and absent from the United States.
16. False statements and affidavits.
17. Clergyman or officer violating article; penalty.
18. Clergyman or officer, when protected.
19. Records to be kept by town and city clerks.
19-A. Marriages on vessels; reports and records.
20. Records to be kept by the state department of health and the city clerk of the city of New York.
20-A. Certified transcripts of records; state commissioner of health may furnish.
20-B. Certification of marriage; state commissioner of health may furnish.
21. Forms and books to be furnished.
22. Penalty for violation.
23. Supervision of and inspection of town and city clerks' records by state commissioner of health.
24. Effect of marriage on legitimacy of children.
25. License, when to be obtained.
ARTICLE 4 Certain Rights and Liabilities of Husband and Wife
50. Property of married woman.
52. Insurance of married person's life.
58. Pardon not to restore marital rights.
61. Married person's domicile.
ARTICLE 5 The Custody and Wages of Children
70. Habeas corpus for child detained by parent.
71. Special proceeding or habeas corpus to obtain visitation rights in respect to certain infant siblings.
72. Special proceeding or habeas corpus to obtain visitation rights or custody in respect to certain infant grandchildren.
73. Legitimacy of children born by artificial insemination.
74. Certain provisions relating to the custody of children by persons who are not the parents of such children.
ARTICLE 5-A UNIFORM CHILD CUSTODY JURISDICTION AND ENFORCEMENT ACT
Title I. General provisions.
75. Short title and statement of legislative intent.75-A. Definitions.75-B. Proceedings governed by other laws.75-C. Application to Indian tribes.75-D. International application of article.75-E. Effect of child custody determination.75-F. Priority.75-G. Notice to persons outside state.75-H. Appearance and limited immunity.75-I. Communication between courts.75-J. Taking testimony in another state.75-K. Cooperation between courts; preservation of records.75-L. Military service by parent; effect on child custody orders pursuant to this article. Title II. Jurisdiction.
76. Initial child custody jurisdiction.76-A. Exclusive, continuing jurisdiction.76-B. Jurisdiction to modify determination.76-C. Temporary emergency jurisdiction.76-D. Notice; opportunity to be heard; joinder.76-E. Simultaneous proceedings.76-F. Inconvenient forum.76-G. Jurisdiction declined by reason of conduct.76-H. Information to be submitted to court.76-I. Appearance of parties and child. Title III. Enforcement.
77. Definitions.77-A. Enforcement under Hague Convention.77-B. Duty to enforce.77-C. Temporary visitation.77-D. Registration of child custody determination.77-E. Enforcement of registered determination.77-F. Simultaneous proceedings.77-G. Expedited enforcement of child custody determination.77-H. Service of petition and order.77-I. Hearing and order.77-J. Warrant to take physical custody of child.77-K. Costs, fees and expenses.77-L. Recognition and enforcement.77-M. Appeals.77-N. Role of prosecutor or public official.77-O. Role of law enforcement.77-P. Costs and expenses. Title IV. Miscellaneous provisions.
78. Application and construction.78-A. Severability clause.
ARTICLE 6 Guardians
80. Guardians in socage.
81. Appointment of guardians by parent.
82. Powers and duties of such guardians.
83. Duties and liabilities of all general guardians.
84. Guardianship of a married minor.
85. Investment of trust funds by guardian.
ARTICLE 7 ADOPTION
Title 1. Adoptions generally.
110. Who may adopt; effect of article.
111. Whose consent required.
111-A. Notice in certain proceedings to fathers of children born out-of-wedlock.
111-B. Determination of issue of paternity by surrogate; limitations.
111-C. Adoption order from foreign country or foreign jurisdiction.
Title 2. Adoption from an authorized agency.
112. General provisions relating to adoption from authorized agencies.
112-A. Expedited calendaring of adoption proceedings.
112-B. Post-adoption contact agreements; judicial approval; enforcement.
113. Special provisions relating to adoption from authorized agencies.
113-A. Effect of death of potential adoptive parent.
114. Order of adoption.
Title 3. Private-placement adoption.
115. General provisions relating to private-placement adoptions.
115-A. Special provisions relating to children to be brought into the state for private-placement adoption.
115-B. Special provisions relating to consents in private-placement adoptions.
115-C. Temporary guardianship by adoptive parent.
115-D. Petition for certification.
115-E. Effect of death of potential adoptive parent.
116. Orders of investigation and order of adoption.
Title 4. Effect of adoption from an authorized agency, of private-placement adoption, and abrogations thereof.
117. Effect of adoption.
ARTICLE 8 SURROGATE PARENTING CONTRACTS
122. Public policy.
123. Prohibitions and penalties.
124. Proceedings regarding parental rights, status or obligations.
ARTICLE 9 ACTION TO ANNUL A MARRIAGE OR DECLARE IT VOID
140. Action for judgment declaring nullity of void marriages or annulling voidable marriage.
141. Action to annul marriage on ground of incurable mental illness for five years; procedure; support.
142. Dismissal of complaint in action by next friend to annul a marriage.
143. Jury trial.
144. Proof required.
146. Judgment, how far conclusive.
ARTICLE 10 ACTION FOR DIVORCE
170. Action for divorce.
170-A. Special action.
171. When divorce denied, although adultery proved.
172. Co-respondent as party.
173. Jury trial.
175. Legitimacy of children.
ARTICLE 11 ACTION FOR SEPARATION
200. Action for separation.
202. Defense of justification.
203. Judgment for separation revocable.
ARTICLE 11-A SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO DIVORCE AND SEPARATION
210. Limitations on actions for divorce and separation.
211. Pleadings, proof and motions.
ARTICLE 12 DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE ON GROUND OF ABSENCE
220. Special proceeding to dissolve marriage on the ground of absence.
ARTICLE 13 PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO MORE THAN ONE TYPE OF MATRIMONIAL ACTION
230. Required residence of parties.
231. Residence of married persons.
232. Notice of nature of matrimonial action; proof of service.
233. Sequestration of defendant's property in action for divorce, separation or annulment where defendant cannot be personally served.
234. Title to or occupancy and possession of property.
235. Information as to details of matrimonial actions or proceedings.
236. Special controlling provisions; prior actions or proceedings; new actions or proceedings.
237. Counsel fees and expenses.
238. Expenses in enforcement and modification proceedings.
239. Stay in divorce or separation action on default of payment.
240. Custody and child support; orders of protection.
240-A. Judgment or decree; additional provision.
240-B. Order of support by parent.
240-C. Review and cost of living adjustment of child support orders.
241. Interference with or withholding of visitation rights; alimony or maintenance suspension.
243. Security for payments by defendant in action for divorce, separation or annulment; sequestration.
244. Enforcement by execution of judgment or order in action for divorce, separation or annulment.
244-A. Enforcement of arrears which accrue during pendency of an enforcement proceeding.
244-B. Child support proceedings and enforcement of arrears; suspension of driving privileges.
244-C. Child support proceedings and enforcement of arrears; suspensions of state professional, occupational and business licenses.
244-D. Child support proceedings and enforcement of arrears; suspension of recreational license.
245. Enforcement by contempt proceedings of judgment or order in action for divorce, separation or annulment.
246. Persons financially unable to comply with orders or judgments directing the payment of alimony.
247. Alimony or maintenance payments suspended during confinement in prison.
248. Modification of judgment or order in action for divorce or annulment.
249. Trial preferences in matrimonial actions.
250. Agreements relating to marriage; statute of limitations.
251. Filing of order in family court.
252. Effect of pendency of action for divorce, separation or annulment on petition for order of protection.
253. Removal of barriers to remarriage.
255. Prerequisites for judgments under articles nine, ten and eleven of this chapter; health care coverage.
ARTICLE 15 LAWS REPEALED; WHEN TO TAKE EFFECT
270. Laws repealed.
271. When to take effect.
272. References in this chapter.
FAMILY COURT ACT
ARTICLE 1 FAMILY COURT ESTABLISHED
Part 1. Applicability of act and creation of court.
111. Title of act.
113. Establishment of court.
114. "Exclusive original jurisdiction".
115. Jurisdiction of family court.
116. Religion of custodial persons and agencies.
117. Parts of court.
120. Expenses of the court.
Part 2. Number, appointment, term and compensation of judges within the city of New York.
121. Number of judges.
122. Continuance in office.
123. Appointment by mayor.
124. Eligibility for appointment.
Part 3. Number, election, term and compensation of judges not within the city of New York.
131. Number of judges.
132. Continuance in office.
134. Eligibility for office.
135. Term of office.
137. County judge designated as family court judge.
138. Additional compensation for designated judge.
Part 4. Family court judges.
142. Authority to visit school or institution.
143. Authority to attend meetings of association.
144. Activity in community organizations.
145. Liability of judge.
146. Temporary assignment of judges.
Part 5. General powers.
151. Judges as magistrates.
152. Power to administer oaths.
153. Subpoena, warrant and other process to compel attendance.
153-A. Warrant of arrest; when and how executed.
153-B. Service of process request for order of protection.
153-C. Temporary order of protection.
154. State-wide process.
154-A. Service of petition.
154-B. Order of protection; answer and counter-claims; confidentiality of address.
154-C. Orders of protection; procedural requirements.
154-D. Emergency powers; local criminal courts.
154-E. Orders of protection; filing and enforcement of out-of-state orders.
155. Arrested adult.
155-A. Admission to bail.
157. Interpretation of this part.
158. Protective custody of material witness; duration.
Part 6. General provisions concerning hearings.
161. Days and hours court open; availability of judge.
162. Waiting room for children.
163. Separate hearing when child appears.
164. Judicial notice of matters of law; proof of statutes, decrees and decisions of another state or county.
166. Privacy of records.
167. Effect of personal appearance.
168. Notice of order of protection.
Part 7. Proceeding in counties other than original county.
171. Enforcement or modification of orders in other county.
172. Commencement of enforcement and modification proceedings in other county.
173. Transfer of papers to other county.
174. Transfer of proceedings to another county.
175. Violation of probation in other county.
176. Inter-county probation.
ARTICLE 2 ADMINISTRATION, MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS, ATTORNEYS FOR CHILDREN, AUXILIARY SERVICES
Part 1. Administration.
211. Administration and operation of family court.212. Rules of court.213. Reports to administrative board, legislature and governor.214. State administrator to prescribe forms.215. Continuance in office of non-judicial personnel.216-A. Clerk of court.216-B. Petition forms.216-C. Preparation of petitions.217. Orders; filing and service. Part 2. Support bureau; duties to cooperate.
221. Support collection unit; local probation department.228. Cooperation by banks and other fiduciary institutions.229. Cooperation by employer. Part 3. Medical examinations and treatment.
231. Jurisdiction over mentally retarded children.232. Jurisdiction over children with physical disabilities.233. Medical services.234. Compensation and liability for support and care in counties outside the city of New York.235. Compensation and liability for support and care in counties within the city of New York.236. Powers of the family court with regard to certain handicapped children. Part 4. Attorneys for children.
241. Findings and purpose.242. Attorney for the child.243. Designation.244. Duration of designation.245. Compensation.246. Supervision by administrative board.248. Appropriations.249. Appointment of attorney for child.249-A. Waiver of counsel.249-B. Rules of court. Part 5. Auxiliary services.
251. Medical examinations.252. Probation service.252-A. Fees.253. Auxiliary services.254. Presentation by corporation counsel, county attorney or district attorney.254-A. Procedure for district attorney presentation.255. Cooperation of officials and organizations.256. Visitation, inspection and supervision by state department of social services or board of social welfare. Part 6. Counsel for indigent adults in family court proceedings.
261. Legislative findings and purpose.262. Assignment of counsel for indigent persons.
ARTICLE 3 JUVENILE DELINQUENCY
Part 1. Jurisdiction and preliminary procedures.
301.1. Purpose.301.2. Definitions.301.3. Applicability of article to actions and matters occurring before and after effective date.301.4. Separability clause.302.1. Jurisdiction.302.2. Statute of limitations.302.3. Venue.303.1. Criminal procedure law.303.2. Double jeopardy.303.3. Defenses.304.1. Detention.304.2. Temporary order of protection.305.1. Custody by a private person.305.2. Custody by a peace officer or a police officer without a warrant.306.1. Fingerprinting of certain alleged juvenile delinquents.306.2. Fingerprinting; duties of the division of criminal justice services.307.1. Family court appearance ticket.307.2. Appearance ticket procedures.307.3. Rules of court authorizing release before filing of petition.307.4. Hearing following detention.308.1. Rules of court for preliminary procedure.310.1. Originating a juvenile delinquency proceeding.310.2. Speedy trial.311.1. The petition; definition and contents.311.2. Sufficiency of petition.311.3. Petition; fact-finding hearings.311.4. Substitution of petition or finding.311.5. Amendment of the petition.311.6. Joinder, severance and consolidation.312.1. Issuance and service of summons.312.2. Issuance of a warrant.315.1. Motion to dismiss; defective petition.315.2. Motion to dismiss in furtherance of justice.315.3. Adjournment in contemplation of dismissal. Part 2. Initial appearance and probable cause hearing.
320.1. The initial appearance; definition.320.2. The initial appearance; timing; adjournment and appointment of counsel.320.3. Notice of rights.320.4. The initial appearance; procedures.320.5. The initial appearance; release or detention.320.6. The initial appearance; referral to the probation service.321.1. Entry of an admission or a denial.321.2. Admissions to part of a petition; admissions concerning other petitions.321.3. Acceptance of an admission.321.4. Withdrawal of an admission or denial.322.1. Incapacitated person; examination reports.322.2. Proceedings to determine capacity.325.1. The probable-cause hearing; time.325.2. The probable-cause hearing; order of proceeding.325.3. The probable-cause hearing; determination. Part 3. Discovery.
330.1. Bill of particulars.330.2. Suppression of evidence.331.1. Discovery; definition of terms.331.2. Discovery; upon demand of a party.331.3. Discovery; upon court order.331.4. Discovery; of prior statements and history of witnesses.331.5. Discovery; protective orders, continuing duty to disclose.331.6. Discovery; sanctions.331.7. Discovery; demand and motion procedure.332.1. Pre-trial motions; definition.332.2. Pre-trial motions; procedure.335.1. Notice of defense of mental disease or defect.335.2. Notice of alibi. Part 4. The fact-finding hearing.
340.1. Time of fact-finding hearing.340.2. Presiding judge.341.1. Exclusion of general public.341.2. Presence of respondent and his or her parent.342.1. The fact-finding hearing; order of procedure.342.2. Evidence in fact-finding hearings; required quantum.343.1. Rules of evidence; testimony given by children.343.2. Rules of evidence; corroboration of accomplice testimony.343.3. Rules of evidence; identification by means of previous recognition in absence of present identification.343.4. Rules of evidence; identification by means of previous recognition, in addition to present identification.343.5. Rules of evidence; impeachment of own witness by proof of prior contradictory statement.344.1. Rules of evidence; proof of previous conviction or delinquency finding.344.2. Rules of evidence; statements of respondent; corroboration.344.3. Rules of evidence; psychiatric testimony in certain cases.344.4. Rules of evidence; admissibility of evidence of victim's sexual conduct in sex offense cases.345.1. Orders.346.1. Fact-finding hearing; removal.347.1. Required testing of the respondent in certain proceedings. Part 5. The dispositional hearing.
350.1. Time of dispositional hearing.350.2. Order of removal.350.3. Dispositional hearings; evidence and required quantum of proof - appearance of presentment agency.350.4. Order of procedure.351.1. Probation, investigation and diagnostic assessment.352.1. Findings.352.2. Order of disposition.352.3. Order of protection.353.1. Conditional discharge.353.2. Probation.353.3. Placement.353.4. Transfer of certain juvenile delinquents.353.5. Designated felony acts; restrictive placement.353.6. Restitution.354.1. Retention and destruction of fingerprints of persons alleged to be juvenile delinquents.354.2. Duties of counsel.355.1. New hearing; staying, modifying or terminating an order.355.2. Motion procedures.355.3. Extension of placement.355.4. Provisions for routine medical, dental and mental health services and treatment.355.5 Permanency hearing. Part 6. Post-dispositional procedures.
360.1. Jurisdiction and supervision of respondent placed on probation.360.2. Petition of violation.360.3. Hearing on violation.365.1. Appeal; authorized as of right.365.2. Appeal by permission.365.3. Notice of appeal. Part 7. Securing testimony and records.
370.1. Securing the attendance of witnesses; securing certain testimony.375.1. Order upon termination of a delinquency action in favor of the respondent.375.2. Motion to seal after a finding.375.3. Expungement of court records. Part 8. General provisions.
380.1. Nature and effect of adjudication.381.1. Transfer of records and information to institutions and agencies.381.2. Use of records in other courts.381.3. Use of police records.385.1. Reports.385.2. Consolidation of records within a city having a population of one million or more.
ARTICLE 4 SUPPORT PROCEEDINGS
Part 1. Jurisdiction and duties of support.
411. Jurisdiction.412. Married person's duty to support spouse.413. Parents' duty to support child.413-A. Review and cost of living adjustment of child support orders.415. Duties to support recipient of public assistance or welfare and patients in institutions in the department of mental hygiene.416. Elements of support; provisions for accident, life and health insurance benefits.417. Child of ceremonial marriage.418. Genetic marker and DNA tests; admissibility of records or reports of test results; costs of tests. Part 2. Venue and preliminary procedure.
421. Venue.422. Persons who may originate proceedings.423. Petition; prior demand not required.424. Probation services.424-A. Compulsory financial disclosure.425. Agreement to support.426. Issuance of summons.427. Service of summons.428. Issuance of warrant; certificate of warrant.429. Sequestration of respondent's property.430. Temporary order of protection. Part 3. Hearing.
431. Preliminary procedure on warrant.432. Procedure before court.433. Hearing.434. Order for temporary child support.434-A. Order for temporary spousal support.435. Procedure; adjournment; confidentiality of requests.436. Competence of spouse.437. Presumption of sufficient means.437-A. Referral to work programs.438. Counsel fees.439. Support magistrates.439-A. Expedited process. Part 4. Orders.
440. Order of support.441. Order dismissing petition.442. Order of support by a spouse.443. Order of support by parent.445. Order of support by relative; duration.446. Order of protection.446-A. Firearms; surrender and license suspension, revocation and ineligibility.447. Order of visitation.448. Enforcement by income deduction.449. Effective date of order of support. Part 5. Compliance with orders.
451. Continuing jurisdiction.453. Petition; violation of court order.454. Powers of the court on violation of a support order.455. Commitment.456. Probation.457. Order of sequestration on failure to obey support order.458-A. Enforcement of arrears; Suspension of driving privileges.458-B. Child support proceedings and enforcement of arrears; suspension of state professional, occupational and business licenses.458-C. Child support proceedings and enforcement of arrears; suspension of recreational licenses.459. Additional arrears.460. Entry and docketing of a money judgment. Part 6. Effect of action for separation, divorce or annulment.
461. Duty to support child after separation agreement, separation, or termination of marriage.462. Effect of support order in matrimonial action on duration of family court support order for child.463. Effect of separation agreement on duty to support a spouse.464. Effect of pendency of action for divorce, separation or annulment on petition for support of a spouse.465. Effect of denial of support in action for separation.466. Effect of granting of support in action for divorce, separation or annulment.467. Referral by supreme court of applications to fix custody in action for divorce, separation or annulment.469. Rules of court; venue. Part 7. Undertaking.
471. Undertaking for support and cash deposits.472. Undertaking to be filed.473. Substitution of surety.474. Default.475. Procedure as to defaults.476. Forfeitures applied to support of petitioner.477. Surrender of respondent by surety.478. Termination of surety's liability.479. When new security required.
ARTICLE 5 PATERNITY PROCEEDINGS
Part 1. Jurisdiction and duties to support.
511. Jurisdiction.512. Definitions.513. Obligation of parents.514. Liability of father to mother.515. Governmental obligation to child.516-A. Acknowledgment of paternity.517. Time for instituting proceedings.518. Effect of death, absence, or mental illness of mother.519. Effect of death, absence or mental illness of putative father. Part 2. Venue and preliminary procedure.
521. Venue.522. Persons who may originate proceedings.523. Petition.524. Issuance of summons.525. Service of summons.526. Issuance of warrant.527. Preliminary procedure on warrant.528. Procedure before court. Part 3. Hearings.
531. Hearing.531-A. Testimony by telephone, audio-visual means or other electronic means.532. Genetic marker and DNA tests; admissibility of records or reports of test results; costs of tests.533. Adjournment on application of party.534. Adjournment on motion of court.535. Counsel for social services commissioner.536. Counsel fees. Part 4. Orders.
541. Order dismissing petition.542. Order of filiation.543. Transmission of order of filiation.544. Transmission of abrogation of filiation order.545. Order of support by parents.546. Payment to parent or support collection unit.547. Substitution of trustee.548. Compliance with orders.548-A. Paternity or child support proceedings; suspension of driving privileges.548-B. Paternity or child support proceedings; suspension of state professional, occupational and business licenses.548-C. Paternity or child support proceedings; suspension of recreational licenses.549. Order of visitation.550. Temporary order of protection.551. Order of protection.552. Firearms; surrender and license suspension, revocation and ineligibility. Part 5. Related proceedings.
561. Proceedings to compel support by mother.562. Proceedings to compel support by mother and father.563. Paternity and support proceedings combined; apportionment.564. Order of filiation in other proceedings.565. A proceeding to challenge testing directive.
ARTICLE 5-A SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO ENFORCEMENT OF SUPPORT AND ESTABLISHMENT OF PATERNITY
571. Enforcement of support and establishment of paternity.
ARTICLE 5-B UNIFORM INTERSTATE FAMILY SUPPORT ACT
Part 1. General provisions.
580-102. Tribunal of state.
580-103. Remedies cumulative.
Part 2. Jurisdiction.
Part 2.A. Extended personal jurisdiction.
580-201. Bases for jurisdiction over nonresident.
580-202. Procedure when exercising jurisdiction over nonresident.
Part 2.B. Proceedings involving two or more states.
580-203. Initiating and responding tribunal of state.
580-204. Simultaneous proceedings in another state.
580-205. Continuing, exclusive jurisdiction.
580-206. Enforcement and modification of support order by tribunal having continuing jurisdiction.
Part 2.C. Reconciliation of multiple orders.
580-207. Recognition of controlling child support order.
580-208. Multiple child support orders for two or more obligees.
580-209. Credit for payments.
Part 3. Civil provisions of general application.
580-301. Proceedings under article.
580-302. Action by minor parent.
580-303. Application of law of state.
580-304. Duties of initiating tribunal.
580-305. Duties and powers of responding tribunal.
580-306. Inappropriate tribunal.
580-307. Duties of support enforcement agency.
580-308. Duty of attorney general.
580-309. Private counsel.
580-310. Duties of state information agency.
580-311. Pleadings and accompanying documents.
580-312. Nondisclosure of information in exceptional circumstances.
580-313. Costs and fees.
580-314. Limited immunity of petitioner.
580-315. Nonparentage as defense.
580-316. Special rules of evidence and procedure.
580-317. Communications between tribunals.
580-318. Assistance with discovery.
580-319. Receipt and disbursement of payments.
Part 4. Establishment of support order.
580-401. Petition to establish support order.
Part 5. Enforcement of order of another state without registration.
580-501. Employer's receipt of income-withholding order of another state.
580-502. Employer's compliance with income-withholding order of another state.
580-503. Employer's compliance with multiple income-withholding orders.
580-504. Immunity from civil liability.
580-505. Penalties for noncompliance.
580-506. Contest by obligor.
580-507. Administrative enforcement of orders.
Part 6. Enforcement and modification of support order after registration.
Part 6.A. Registration and enforcement of support order.
580-601. Registration of order for enforcement.
580-602. Procedure to register order for enforcement.
580-603. Effect of registration for enforcement.
580-604. Choice of law.
Part 6.B. Contest of validity or enforcement.
580-605. Notice of registration of order.
580-606. Procedure to contest validity or enforcement of registered order.
580-607. Contest of registration or enforcement.
580-608. Confirmed order.
Part 6.C. Registration and modification of child support order.
580-609. Procedure to register child support order of another state for modification.
580-610. Effect of registration for modification.
580-611. Modification of child support order of another state.
580-612. Recognition of order modified in another state.
580-613. Jurisdiction to modify child-support order of another state when individual parties reside in this state.
580-614. Notice to issuing tribunal of modification.
Part 7. Determination of parentage.
580-701. Proceeding to determine parentage.
Part 8. Interstate rendition.
580-801. Grounds for rendition.
580-802. Conditions of rendition.
Part 9. Miscellaneous provisions.
580-901. Uniformity of application and construction.
580-902. Short title.
580-903. Severability clause.
580-904. Effective date.
ARTICLE 6 PERMANENT TERMINATION OF PARENTAL RIGHTS, ADOPTION, GUARDIANSHIP AND CUSTODY
Part 1. Permanent termination of parental rights.
611. Permanently neglected child; purpose of part.614. Originating proceeding for the commitment of the guardianship and custody of a permanently neglected child.616. Issuance of summons.617. Service of summons.622. Definition of "fact-finding hearing".623. Definition of "dispositional hearing".624. Evidence.625. Sequence of hearings.626 Adjournments.631. Disposition on adjudication of permanent neglect.632. Order dismissing petition.633. Suspended judgment.634. Commitment of guardianship and custody; further orders. Part 1-A Modification of disposition; restoration of parental rights.
635. Petition to restore parental rights.
636. Originating a proceeding to restore parental rights; service and venue.
637. Burden of proof, disposition and findings.
Part 2. Adoption.
641. Jurisdiction over adoption proceedings.
642. Rules of court.
Part 3. Guardianship.
651. Jurisdiction over habeas corpus proceedings and petitions for custody and visitation of minors.
651-A. Reports of child abuse and maltreatment; admissibility.
652. Jurisdiction over applications to fix custody in matrimonial actions on referral from supreme court.
653. Rules of court.
655. Temporary order of protection.
656. Order of protection.
656-A. Firearms; surrender and license suspension, revocation and ineligibility.
657. Certain provisions relating to the guardianship and custody of children by persons who are not the parents of such children.
Part 4. Custody.
662. Rules of court.
663. Guardian of person to file copy of order of appointment.
664. Recording in camera interviews of infants.
Part 5. Warrant.
671. Issuance of warrant; certificate of warrant.
ARTICLE 7 PROCEEDINGS CONCERNING WHETHER A PERSON IS IN NEED OF SUPERVISION
Part 1. Jurisdiction.
714. Determination of age.
716. Substitution of petition.
718. Return of run away.
Part 2. Custody and detention.
723. Duties of private person before and after taking into custody.
724. Duties of police officer or peace officer after taking into custody or on delivery by private person.
725. Summons or warrant on failure to appear.
727. Rules of court authorizing release before filing of petition.
728. Discharge, release or detention by judge after hearing and before filing of petition in custody cases.
729. Duration of detention before filing of petition or hearing.
Part 3. Preliminary procedure.
732. Originating proceeding to adjudicate need for supervision.
733. Persons who may originate proceedings.
735. Preliminary procedure; diversion services.
736. Issuance of summons.
737. Service of summons.
738. Issuance of warrant for respondent or other person legally responsible for care.
739. Release or detention after filing of petition and prior to order of disposition.
740. Temporary order of protection.
Part 4. Hearings.
741. Notice of rights; general provision.
741-A. Notice and right to be heard.
742. Diversion attempts.
744. Evidence in fact-finding hearings; required quantum.
745. Evidence in dispositional hearings; required quantum of proof.
746. Sequence of hearings.
747. Time of fact-finding hearing.
748. Adjournment of fact-finding hearing.
749. Adjournment after fact-finding hearing or during dispositional hearing.
750. Probation reports; probation investigation and diagnostic assessment.
Part 5. Orders.
751. Order dismissing petition.
754. Disposition on adjudication of person in need of supervision.
755. Suspended judgment.
756-A. Extension of placement.
759. Order of protection.
760. Duties of counsel.
Part 6. New hearing and reconsideration of orders.
761. New hearing.
762. Staying, modifying, setting aside or vacating order.
763. Notice of motion.
764. Petition to terminate placement.
765. Service of petition; answer.
766. Examination of petition and answer; hearing.
767. Orders on hearing.
768. Successive petitions.
Part 7. Compliance with orders.
771. Discontinuation of treatment by agency or institution.
772. Action on return from agency or institution.
773. Petition for transfer for incorrigibility.
774. Action on petition for transfer.
775. Order on hearing.
776. Failure to comply with terms and conditions of suspended judgment.
777. Failure to comply with terms of placement at home.
778. Failure to comply with terms of placement in authorized agency.
779. Failure to comply with terms of probation.
779-A. Declaration of delinquency concerning juvenile delinquents and persons in need of supervision.
780. Failure to comply with order of protection.
780-A. Firearms; surrender and license suspension, revocation and ineligibility.
Part 8. Effect of proceedings.
781. Nature of adjudication.
782. Effect of adjudication.
782-A. Transfer of records and information to institutions and agencies.
783. Use of record in other court.
783-A. Consolidation of records within a city having a population of one million or more.
784. Use of police records.
ARTICLE 8 FAMILY OFFENSES PROCEEDINGS
Part 1. Jurisdiction.
812. Procedures for family offense proceedings.813. Transfer to criminal court.814. Rules of court regarding concurrent jurisdiction.814-A. Uniform forms.815. Transcript of family offense proceedings; request by district attorney.817. Support, paternity and child protection.818. Venue. Part 2. Preliminary procedure.
821. Originating proceedings.821-A. Preliminary procedure.822. Person who may originate proceedings.823. Rules of court for preliminary procedure.824. Admissibility of statements made during preliminary conference.825. Issuance of summons.826. Service of summons.827. Issuance of warrant; certificate of warrant.828. Temporary order of protection; temporary order for child support. Part 3. Hearing.
832. Definition of "fact-finding hearing".833. Definition of "dispositional hearing".834. Evidence.835. Sequence of hearings.836. Adjournments.838. Petitioner and respondent may have friend or relative present. Part 4. Orders.
841. Orders of disposition.842. Order of protection.842-A. Suspension and revocation of a license to carry, possess, repair or dispose of a firearm or firearms pursuant to section 400.00 of the penal law and ineligibility for such a license; order to surrender firearms.843. Rules of court.844. Reconsideration and modification.846. Petition; violation of court order.846-A. Powers on failure to obey order.847. Procedures for violation of orders of protection; certain cases.
ARTICLE 9 CONCILIATION PROCEEDINGS
Part 1. Purpose and jurisdiction.
913. Support and family offense proceedings.
914. No effect on marital status.
915. Confidentiality of statements.
Part 2. Procedure.
921. Originating proceeding.
922. Preliminary procedure.
923. Referral to voluntary agency.
924. Attendance at conference.
925. Continuation of proceeding.
926. Duration of proceeding.
ARTICLE 10 CHILD PROTECTIVE PROCEEDINGS
Part 1. Jurisdiction. 1011. Purpose.
1012. Definitions and presumptions.
1014. Transfer to and from family court; concurrent proceedings.
1015-A. Court-ordered services.
1016. Appointment of attorney for the child.
1017. Placement of children.
1018. Conferencing and mediation.
Part 2. Temporary removal and preliminary orders. 1021. Temporary removal with consent.
1022. Preliminary orders of court before petition filed.
1022-A. Preliminary orders; notice and appointment of counsel.
1023. Procedure for issuance of temporary order.
1024. Emergency removal without court order.
1026. Action by the appropriate person designated by the court and child protective agency upon emergency removal.
1027. Hearing and preliminary orders after filing of petition.
1027-A. Placement of siblings.
1028. Application to return child temporarily removed.
1028-A. Application of a relative to become a foster parent.
1029. Temporary order of protection.
1030. Order of visitation by a respondent.
Part 3. Preliminary procedure. 1031. Originating proceeding to determine abuse or neglect.
1032. Persons who may originate proceedings.
1033. Access to the court for the purpose of filing a petition.
1033-A. Initial appearance.
1033-B. Initial appearance; procedures.
1034. Power to order investigations.
1035. Issuance of summons; notice to certain interested persons and intervention.
1036. Service of summons.
1037. Issuance of warrant and reports to court.
1038. Records and discovery involving abuse and neglect.
1038-A. Discovery; upon court order.
1039. Adjournment in contemplation of dismissal.
1039-A. Procedures following adjournment in contemplation of dismissal.
1039-B. Termination of reasonable efforts.
1040. Notice and right to be heard.
Part 4. Hearings. 1041. Required findings concerning notice.
1042. Effect of absence of parent or other person responsible for care.
1043. Hearings not open to the public.
1044. Definition of "fact-finding hearing".
1045. Definition of "dispositional hearing".
1047. Sequence of hearings.
1049. Special consideration in certain cases.
Part 5. Orders. 1051. Sustaining or dismissing petition.
1052. Disposition on adjudication.
1052-A. Post-dispositional procedures.
1052-B. Duties of counsel.
1052-C. Duty to report investigations to locate non-respondent parents or relatives.
1053. Suspended judgment.
1054. Release to custody of parent or other person responsible for care; supervision or order of protection.
1055-A. Substantial failure of a material condition of surrender; enforcement of a contact agreement.
1055-B. Custody or guardianship with relatives or suitable persons pursuant to article six of this act or guardianship with such a person pursuant to article seventeen of the surrogate's court procedure act.
1056. Order of protection.
1056-A. Firearms; surrender and license suspension, revocation and ineligibility.
1058. Expiration of orders.
Part 6. New hearing and reconsideration of orders. 1061. Staying, modifying, setting aside or vacating order.
1062. Motion to terminate placement.
1063. Service of motion; answer.
1064. Examination of motion and answers; hearing.
1065. Orders on hearing.
1066. Successive motions.
1067. Discontinuation of treatment by agency or institution.
1068. Action on return from agency or institution.
1069. Rules of court.
Part 7. Compliance with orders. 1071. Failure to comply with terms and conditions of suspended judgment.
1072. Failure to comply with terms and conditions of supervision.
1073. Effect of running away from place of placement.
1074. Release from responsibility under order of placement.
1075. Special duties of attorney for the child.
Part 8. Visitation of minors in foster care. 1081. Visitation rights.
1082. Approval, modification or denial of visitation rights.
1083. Duration of orders affecting visitation rights.
1084. Out-of-wedlock children; paternity.
1085. Visitation and custody rights unenforceable; murder of parent, custodian, guardian, or child.
ARTICLE 10-A PERMANENCY HEARINGS FOR CHILDREN PLACED OUT OF THEIR HOMES
1088. Continuing court jurisdiction.
1089. Permanency hearings.
1089-A. Custody or guardianship with relatives or suitable persons pursuant to article six of this act.
1090. Representation of parties.
ARTICLE 10-B FORMER FOSTER CARE YOUTH RE-ENTRY PROCEEDINGS
1091. Motion to return to foster care placement.
ARTICLE 10-C DESTITUTE CHILDREN
1093. Originating proceedings.
1094. Initial appearance and preliminary proceedings.
1095. Fact finding and disposition.
1096. Custody or guardianship with relatives or suitable persons pursuant to article six of this act or article seventeen of the surrogate's court procedure act.
ARTICLE 11 APPEALS
1111. Appeals to appellate division.
1112. Appealable orders.
1113. Time of appeal.
1114. Effect of appeal; stay.
1115. Notices of appeal.
1116. Printed case and brief not required.
1118. Applicability of civil practice law and rules.
1119. Effective date.
1120. Counsel for parties and children on appeal.
1121. Special procedures.
ARTICLE 12 SEPARABILITY
UNIFORM RULES FOR THE FAMILY COURT
205.1 Application of Part; waiver; additional rules; definitions.
205.2 Terms and parts of court.
205.3 Individual assignment system; structure.
205.4 Access to Family Court proceedings.
205.5 Privacy of Family Court records.
205.6 Periodic reports.
205.7 Papers filed in court; docket number; prefix; forms.
205.7-A Electronic Transmissions of Orders of Protection.
205.8 Submission of papers to judge.
205.9 Miscellaneous proceedings.
205.10 Notice of appearance.
205.11 Service and filing of motion papers.
205.13 Engagement of counsel.
205.14 Time limitations for proceedings involving custody or visitation.
205.15 Submission of orders for signature.
205.16 Motion for judicial determination that reasonable efforts are not required for child in foster care.
205.17 Permanency hearings for child in foster care, children directly placed with relatives or other suitable persons and children freed for adoption.
205.20 Designation of a facility for the questioning of children in custody (juvenile delinquency).
205.21 Authorization to detention agency for release of a child taken into custody before the filing of a petition (juvenile delinquency).
205.22 Preliminary probation conferences and procedures (juvenile delinquency).
205.23 Duties of the probation service and procedures relating to the adjustment process (juvenile delinquency).
205.24 Terms and conditions of order adjourning a proceeding in contemplation of dismissal in accordance with section 315.3 of the Family Court Act.
205.25 Terms and conditions of order releasing respondent in accordance with section 320.5 of the Family Court Act.
205.26 Procedure when remanded child absconds.
205.27 Procedure for assignment, in accordance with section 340.2(3) of the Family Court Act, of a proceeding to another judge when the appropriate judge cannot preside.
205.28 Procedures for compliance with Adoption and Safe Families Act (juvenile delinquency proceeding).
205.29 Transfers of proceedings for disposition; required documents.
205.30 Preliminary probation conferences and procedures (support).
205.31 Duties of the probation service and procedures relating to the adjustment process (support).
205.32 Hearing examiners.
205.33 Assignment of hearing examiners.
205.34 Referrals to hearing examiners.
205.35 Conduct of hearing.
205.36 Findings of fact; transmission of findings of fact and other information; quarterly reports.
205.37 Recording of hearings; objections.
205.38 Record and report of unexecuted warrants issued pursuant to section 428 of the Family Court Act.
205.39 Authority of probation when there is a failure to obey a lawful order of the court (support).
205.40 Preliminary probation conferences and procedures upon a referral from Supreme Court (support).
205.41 Duties of the probation service and procedures relating to the adjustment process upon referral from Supreme Court (support).
205.42 Submission by support collection units of proposed adjusted orders of support.
205.43 Hearings to determine willful nonpayment of child support.
205.44 Testimony by telephone, audio-visual or other electronic means in child support and paternity cases.
205.48 Judicial and extra-judicial surrenders; required papers and putative father determination.
205.49 Termination of parental rights; required papers; venue; putative father determination.
205.50 Terms and conditions of order suspending judgment in accordance with section 633 of the Family Court Act or section 384-b(8)(c) of the Social Services Law.
205.51 Proceedings involving custody of a Native American child.
205.52 Adoption rules; application; timing and venue of filing of petition.
205.53 Papers required in an adoption proceeding.
205.54 Investigation by disinterested person; adoption.
205.55 Special applications.
205.56 Investigation by disinterested person; custody; guardianship.
205.57 Petition for guardianship by adoptive parent.
205.58 Proceedings for certification as a qualified adoptive parent or parents.
205.59 Calendaring of proceedings for adoption from an authorized agency.
205.60 Designation of a facility for the questioning of children in custody (PINS).
205.61 Authorization to release a child taken into custody before the filing of a petition (PINS).
205.62 Preliminary conferences and procedures (PINS).
205.64 Procedure when remanded child absconds (PINS).
205.65 Terms and conditions of order adjourning a proceeding in contemplation of dismissal entered in accordance with section 749(a) of the Family Court Act (PINS).
205.66 Terms and conditions of order in accordance with section 755 or 757 of the Family Court Act (PINS).
205.67 Procedures for compliance with Adoption and Safe Families Act (Persons in Need of Supervision proceeding).
205.70 Designation of persons to inform complainant of procedures available for the institution of family offense proceedings.
205.71 Preliminary probation conferences and procedures (family offenses).
205.72 Duties of the probation service and procedures relating to the adjustment process (family offenses).
205.73 Record and report of unexecuted warrants issued pursuant to section 827 of the Family Court Act (family offenses).
205.74 Terms and conditions of order in accordance with sections 841(b)-(e), 842 and 843 of the Family Court Act (family offenses).
205.80 Procedure when remanded child absconds (child protective proceeding).
205.81 Procedures for compliance with Adoption and Safe Families Act (child protective proceeding)
205.82 Record and report of unexecuted warrants issued pursuant to article 10 of the Family Court Act (child protective proceeding).
205.83 Terms and conditions of order in accordance with sections 1053, 1054 and 1057 of the Family Court Act (child protective proceeding).
205.85 Procedure when a child who has been placed absconds (child protective proceeding).
205.86 Video recording of interviews of children alleged to have been sexually abused